China’s Environmental Governance Database

Ocean

Zhoushan Thousand Islands Marine Environmental Protection Center

Zhoushan Thousand Islands Marine Environmental Protection Center (舟山千岛海洋环保公益发展中心, hereinafter referred to as Zhoushan Qiandao)was founded in March, 2017. The founder and CEO, Li He, was working at Ningbo Tax Bureau before he joined the eNong Plan(e农计划)as full-time NGO staff in 2015. After 2-years’ service for eNong Plan, he went back to his hometown Zhoushan, Zhejiang and encountered Yonglong Liu, the founder of Shanghai Rendu. Inspired by Yonglong Liu, Li He initiated the first local beach cleanup volunteer activity together with 4 island partners on March 5th, 2017 at Zhoushan. Shortly after this events, Li He and his 4 friends co-founded Zhoushan Qiandao. Zhoushan is the largest archipelago in China with 1390 islands. The vision of Zhoushan Qiandao is to connect all the non-profit partners across Zhoushan archipelago and make the East China Sea clean again through scientific and interesting approaches. Its mission is to experiment and discover marine environmental protection and coastal restoration model that can effectively function for the Zhoushan archipelago.

Better Blue the Divers Alliance on Marine Conservation

Better Blue the Divers Alliance on Marine Conservation (无境深蓝潜水员海洋保护联盟, hereinafter referred to as Better Bluewas founded in June, 2017. The founder and CEO, Miao Wang, got her master’s degree on international development at University of Manchester, then continually working for international NGO and Chinese domestic NGO for more than 3 years. This work experience helped Miao Wang in setting up Better Blue with her diver friends and gained amazing achievement within one year. 

Better Blue views itself as a marine conservation hub of divers and for the divers. Its slogan is dive for a better ocean. Its vision is human and the ocean can interact harmoniously through scientific and friendly approach, and its mission is to promote government, non-profits and corporates to interact healthily and systematically on marine issues.

Shanghai Pudong Yixing Biodiversity Conservation Research Center

Shanghai Pudong Yixing Biodiversity Conservation Research Center(上海浦东一荇生物多样性研究中心, hereinafter referred to as Yixingwas founded in November, 2017. The founder and CEO, Hong An, has worked for government agency, real estate company and education field consulting for 25 years, and continually served as hospice care volunteer since 2011. The hospice care experience helped her to find out her deep interest in biodiversity conservation and brought her to set up her own non-profit organization in 2017. Yixing was a community-based environmental education organization. Its mission is to protect green environment and biodiversity through research, public education and volunteer service.

Teaching Cases

Discharge of Acid-Containing Wastewater

The prosecutor of Hezi City, Mr, Ding Peng was reviewing a case in which a former owner of a quartz processing plant discharged more than 100 tons of acid-containing wastewater into Lixi Canal and the connected Liangpu river without a pollution discharge license, causing damages to the waterbodies. After investigation, the police office established that the owner, Mr. Wang, had committed an environmental crime and referred the case to the prosecutor office. Mr. Ding Peng needed to decide the potential further actions pertaining to this case.

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Air Pollution Prevention and Control in Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei: Mr. Lin vs. Botou City EPB

Mr. Lin owned a factory in Botou City, Cangzhou Municipality, Hebei Province. The factory had a coal-fired boiler, which not only generated electricity for production in the factory, but also provided the only available source of winter residential heating for a compound with 2500 residents near the factory. In 2018, Cangzhou Municipality was included in the critical areas for air pollution control to comply with the special emission limit, so Mr. Lin’s boiler must meet a new standard that was more stringent. On August 28, 2018, the local EPB inspected the factory and concluded that the emission from Mr. Lin’s boiler exceeded the special emission limit. Mr. Lin was ordered to install new equipment to meet the new standard. The cost of new installation would exceed the annual income from the factory. In addition, Botou City developed comprehensive boiler regulations after the Ministry of Ecological Environment (MEE) issued the Critical Action Plan to manage 2018-2019 autumn and winter air quality in Jing-Jin-Ji areas. According to the regulations of Botou City, the rectification of Mr. Lin’s boiler must be completed before the end of September 2018, and the EPB would order the boiler to be shut down otherwise.

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